Class II. Atypical. Class III. Mild, moderate, or severe abnormality. Class IV. Carcinoma in situ, that is, a growth that has the characteristics of cancer cells but has not yet reached the deepest layers of the tissue. Class V. Suspicious for an invasive cancer, that is, cancer that is likely to infiltrate and destroy surrounding tissue.
A Pap smear, also called a Pap test, is a routine screening procedure for cervical cancer. It’s recommended once every three years for women starting at age 21, regardless of whether or not you.
The Pap smear test is a very important test for the screening of cervical cancer. The test includes checking changes in the cells of the cervix. The smear test is very important as it helps in early detection if the cells turn cancerous and they can be fully treated. The symptoms of cervical cancer do not show early as it takes a series of change over years to turn into precancerous cells. Pap.Although the Pap smear is known as one of the effective methods to detect the cervical cancer, a large group of women are reluctant to do the test because of various reasons. Therefore, we carried out this study to determine the level of knowledge about cervical cancer and Pap smear and the factors influencing the Pap test screening among women.A Pap smear is the typical screening procedure, but when a Pap smear is combined with a test for human papillomavirus (HPV, the known cause of cervical cancers), screening every 5 years is acceptable for women aged 30 and above. Pregnancy does not prevent a woman from having a Pap smear, therefore, Pap smears can be safely done during pregnancy.
PPAP SMEAR REPORTINGAP SMEAR REPORTING The Pap smear reporting classification has evolved and been refined over time. The current reporting system is the Bethesda system, which was introduced in 1988(6) and later updated again in 1999 (Table 1).(7) Patients with abnormal Pap smear who do not have a gross cervical lesion are usually evaluated.
If your Pap test results came back abnormal, you might be concerned. But an abnormal result doesn’t always mean cancer. Find out what else might be to blame.
How successful are pap smears in detecting cervical and uterine cancers? George Nicholas Papanicolaou established the Pap smear in the 18th century when he became intrigued by the guinea pigs vaginal smears as he was studying them.
The Papanicolaou test (abbreviated as Pap test, also known as Pap smear, cervical smear, cervical screening or smear test) is a method of cervical screening used to detect potentially precancerous and cancerous processes in the cervix (opening of the uterus or womb) or colon (in both women and men). Abnormal findings are often followed up by more sensitive diagnostic procedures and if.
You should receive your results within a week or two. In most cases, the result is a “normal” Pap smear. That means there’s no evidence that you have abnormal cervical cells and you won’t.
A Pap smear is a microscopic examination of cells in an effort to identify cervical cancer or precancerous irregularities in the cells. Until recently, most doctors and laboratories categorized Pap test results in five classes, with Cclass 1 being a normal finding and class 5 being a positive finding of cancer of the cervix.
CC: Follow up Pap smear result HPI: Andrea, a 43-year-old G4P4 premenopausal woman, returns to your office after the results of her PAP smear indicate a concern, the test was done during the routine check up. She reports her last menstrual period was 2weeks prior to the visit.
After the infection is treated, the Pap smear result usually returns to normal. If the Pap smear result is positive because of an infection, the underlying cause should be treated. The test should then be repeated in 2-3 months, because cancer of the cervix can be hidden by an infection. A check-up with a doctor is necessary.
The Pap smear is the most effective cancer screening method in medical history. But even the most conscientious laboratories sometimes classify normal cell samples as suspicious or overlook abnormalities among the half million cells on each slide.This may be due to the fact that using the conventional Pap testing technique.
Cervical screening is offered to women aged 25-64 years old; for women aged 25-49 screening is at 3 year intervals and for women aged 50-64 it is every 5 years (DOH 2006). Although uptake of cervical screening is lower overall in ethnic minority groups, there are differences in the uptake between ethnic groups (Luke at al 1996, Webb et al 2004).
The Pap smear test is a screening test, not a diagnostic test. It cannot tell for certain if you have cervical cancer. An abnormal Pap smear test result may mean more testing, sometimes including tests to see if a cancer or a pre-cancer is actually present.